[翻译]vue3指南--07Conditional Rendering 条件渲染__Vue.js
发布于 8 个月前 作者 banyungong 468 次浏览 来自 分享
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v-if

The directive v-if is used to conditionally render a block. The block will only be rendered if the directive’s expression returns a truthy value.

v-if指令用来条件渲染一个块(block)元素.这个块元素只在指令表达式的结果为真值时候渲染.

<h1 v-if="awesome">Vue is awesome!</h1>

It is also possible to add an “else block” with v-else:

v-if后面加一个v-else来渲染一个"else块元素"也是可行的:

<h1 v-if="awesome">Vue is awesome!</h1>
<h1 v-else>Oh no 😢</h1>

Conditional Groups with v-if on <template><template>上使用v-if来条件显示一组元素

Because v-if is a directive, it has to be attached to a single element. But what if we want to toggle more than one element? In this case we can use v-if on a <template> element, which serves as an invisible wrapper. The final rendered result will not include the <template> element.

因为v-if是一个指令,所以必须添加到单个元素上. 但是如果我们想切换多个元素是否显示怎么办呢? 这种情况下,可以把v-if绑定到一个<template>元素上.这时候,<template>会被当作一个不可见的包裹元素(类似react的<> /<Fragment/>).最终渲染结果不会有<template>元素.

<template v-if="ok">
  <h1>Title</h1>
  <p>Paragraph 1</p>
  <p>Paragraph 2</p>
</template>

v-else

You can use the v-else directive to indicate an “else block” for v-if: 可以使用v-else指令来表示一个v-if的"else块"

<div v-if="Math.random() > 0.5">
  Now you see me
</div>
<div v-else>
  Now you don't
</div>

A v-else element must immediately follow a v-if or a v-else-if element - otherwise it will not be recognized. v-else元素必须紧跟v-if或者v-else-if否则不会被识别出.(就是说v-else不是单独存在的元素)

v-else-if

The v-else-if, as the name suggests, serves as an “else if block” for v-if. It can also be chained multiple times:

v-else-if元素,就像名字说的,作为v-if指令的"else if块元素",可以连续多次使用:

<div v-if="type === 'A'">
  A
</div>
<div v-else-if="type === 'B'">
  B
</div>
<div v-else-if="type === 'C'">
  C
</div>
<div v-else>
  Not A/B/C
</div>

Similar to v-else, a v-else-if element must immediately follow a v-if or a v-else-if element.

v-else一样,v-else-if元素也必须紧跟v-if或者v-else-if元素.

v-show

Another option for conditionally displaying an element is the v-show directive. The usage is largely the same:

另一个条件渲染元素是否显示的指令是v-show,使用和之前的大致相同:

<h1 v-show="ok">Hello!</h1>

The difference is that an element with v-show will always be rendered and remain in the DOM; v-show only toggles the display CSS property of the element.

区别是,使用v-show的元素一直在DOM上,v-show指令只是切换元素上的CSSdisplay属性值.

v-show doesn’t support the <template> element, nor does it work with v-else.

v-show不支持<template>元素(很合理),也不和v-else一起使用.

v-if vs v-show

v-if is “real” conditional rendering because it ensures that event listeners and child components inside the conditional block are properly destroyed and re-created during toggles.

v-if 是真实的条件渲染,因为,他确保条件块内的子组件和事件监听器在切换过程中被适当/正确地销毁和重新建立.

v-if is also lazy: if the condition is false on initial render, it will not do anything - the conditional block won’t be rendered until the condition becomes true for the first time.

v-if也是懒惰的lazy: 如果初始渲染条件为假,他什么都不会渲染——直到条件第一次变为之前,条件块不会被渲染.

In comparison, v-show is much simpler - the element is always rendered regardless of initial condition, with CSS-based toggling.

相比之下,v-show就很简单——元素恒被渲染无论初始条件真伪,切换也只基于CSS.

Generally speaking, v-if has higher toggle costs while v-show has higher initial render costs. So prefer v-show if you need to toggle something very often, and prefer v-if if the condition is unlikely to change at runtime.

总的来说,v-if的切换开销更高,而v-show初始渲染开销更高. 如果你需要多次切换,那么使用v-show更合适. 如果,运行时不太会变,那么使用v-if.

v-if with v-forv-for一起使用的v-if

::: tip Note Using v-if and v-for together is not recommended. See the style guide for further information. :::

提示 ⚠️ v-ifv-for 一起使用是不建议的. 具体见 样式指南

When used together with v-if, v-for has a higher priority than v-if. See the list rendering guide for details. 当v-forv-if一起使用的时候,v-for有更高的优先级. 细节见 列表渲染指南

版权声明:著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。 作者: Frankie_S 原文链接:https://juejin.im/post/6865052518141919245

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